Main Article Content

Abstract

In recent years, in connection with the implementation of the Ecology national projects, the issues of conservation, restoration and continuous use of dendrocollections in landscaping during the formation of a comfortable urban environment and the use of selected plant gene pools in forest reclamation, horticulture, perfumery, etc. have become urgent.


The goal is to develop the scientific foundations and stages of the formation of multifunctional cluster dendrological expositions of the collections of the Federal Research Center for Agroecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences during their renovation in bioresource artificial and landscaped of a recreational type in sparsely forested regions of Russia.


It was revealed that in the system of the Federal Research Center for Agroecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (formerly VNIALMI) there are several arboretums (Volgogradsky, Kamyshinsky, Kulundinsky, Volga), in which the main gene pool of species of woody and shrub plants from different countries of the world (Europe, Asia, North America, etc.) is collected for agroforestry and landscaping of arid territories of the Russian Federation. They are focused on the selection of trees and shrubs suitable primarily for protective afforestation and landscaping, and fundamental scientific research is also carried out in the field of bioecology of woody plants and nursery farming.


Currently, they are experiencing a number of negative impacts (factors and threats): vegetation degradation - diffuse and curtain drying of trees and shrubs due to insufficient irrigation, trampling of the soil, fires in 2010, 2015, 2017. (Volgograd city); air pollution (due to the general unfavorable situation in the city, the impact of emissions from vehicles); visual pollution - the clutter of the territory due to the high recreational load.


The most acute problem situations that are not related to the state of the environment — the absence of a buffer zone, unregulated recreation, and the absence of fences are established. The road-path network is represented by unpaved protopes. Lighting and flower design is missing.


The reconstruction concept, structure and functional zoning were developed on the example of the dendrological park of the Federal Research Center for Agroecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Volgograd). The formation of cluster dendrological expositions and bioresources of multifunctional type collections not only serves as a good testing ground with a controlled territory where plant species can be safely tested, but also develop appropriate recommendations for the renovation of green spaces of recreational landscapes, taking into account a comprehensive assessment of artificial urbophytocenoses in sparsely forested regions of Russia.

Keywords

scientific foundations, expositions, dendrological collections, Federal Research Center for Agroecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, concept, structure, cluster, zoning, reconstruction, specially protected natural areas, adaptation, coworking space, floral decor, fragments of the recreation area

Article Details

How to Cite
Semenyutina, A. V., Khuzhakhmetova, A. S., Lazarev, S. E., Semenyutina, V. A., & Sapronova, D. V. (2019). Scientific basis for the formation of multifunctional cluster dendrological expositions of collections of the Federal Research Center for Agroecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. World Ecology Journal, 9(2), 39-63. https://doi.org/10.25726/worldjournals.pro/WEJ.2019.2.3

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